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Florida Topics


16th–18th Centuries [Key words: Spanish Florida, British Florida]

  • Forever Changed: Florida and Juan Ponce de Léon’s 1513 Voyage
  • The Arrival of Europeans in Florida: Breaking Barriers or Disrupting Cultures?
  • Juan Ortiz: From Indian Captive to Expedition Leader
  • Jean Ribault, René Laudonnière, and Fort Caroline: A Challenge to Spanish Supremacy
  • Pedro Menéndez de Avilés and the Founding of St. Augustine
  • Fort Mose: Spanish Florida’s First Line of Defense
  • The Spanish Mission System in Florida: Breaching Cultural Barriers on the Florida Frontier
  • Escape to Freedom: Runaway Slaves and Spain’s Refugee Policy in Florida
  • James Moore and the English Attacks on Spanish Florida
  • John Bartram: A Naturalist’s Journey through the South
  • Bernard Romans: Breaking Geographic Barriers through Mapmaking
  • The 14th and 15th Colonies: East and West Florida in the American Revolution

19th Century [Key words: Antebellum, Civil War, Reconstruction, Segregation]

  • Kingsley Plantation: Slavery and Freedom in Plantation-Era Florida
  • The US Acquires Florida: The Adams-Onís Treaty
  • The Man with the Branded Hand: Florida Abolitionist Jonathan Walker
  • David Levy Yulee, the First Jewish Senator in the US
  • Dr. Esther Hill Hawks: Architect of an Integrated Free School in Civil War Florida
  • A Barrier Afloat: “Anaconda” and the Union Blockade in Florida
  • Black Men in Blue Coats: African American Soldiers at Florida’s Battle of Olustee
  • Free at Last: General Edward McCook and the Emancipation Proclamation in Tallahassee
  • The Freedman’s Bureau in Florida: A Path to Stability for Former Slaves
  • Governor Ossian Hart’s Struggle for Reconstruction in Florida
  • Florida’s 1885 Constitution: A Reaction to the Era of Reconstruction
  • Insurmountable Barriers: Florida’s Jim Crow Laws and Segregation
  • Florida’s Age of Rails: Flagler, Plant, and the Coastal Railroads

20th Century [Key words: Progressive Era, World War I, World War II, Civil Rights]

  • Napoleon Bonaparte Broward: Orphan, Smuggler, Governor
  • Governor Sydney Catts: An Agenda That Created Barriers
  • Alligator: Donald Roebling’s Innovative All-Terrain Vehicle
  • General Daniel “Chappie” James: Pensacola’s Black Eagle
  • Florida’s Concrete Ships: Breaking the Mold of World War II Vessel Construction
  • Conscientious Objectors and Their Contributions to Florida’s World War II Home Front
  • Harry T. Moore and the NAACP: Leading Florida’s Fight for Civil Rights
  • The Groveland Four Trial and the Impenetrable Barrier to Justice
  • The Tallahassee Bus Boycott of 1956: A Collective Stand Against Segregation
  • Governor LeRoy Collins: A Moderate Figure for Civil Rights in a Southern State
  • Afro-American Life Insurance Company: The Right to Financial Security
  • Uneasy Neighbors: Florida and Cuba in the 20th and 21st Centuries

Themed Topics

African American History

  • Francisco Menéndez: From Escaped Slave to Military Captain at Fort Mose
  • A Free Black Builder in Florida’s Slave Territory: The Story of George Proctor
  • The Negro Fort at Prospect Bluff: An Ill-fated Fortress
  • Black Seminoles during the Seminole Wars: Crossing Cultural Barriers
  • Josiah T. Walls: A Life of Responsibility in a Time of Barriers
  • Florida’s First Black Cabinet Member: The Political Career of Jonathan C. Gibbs
  • Thomas D. Tucker: Higher Education for African Americans
  • Dr. William Gunn: In the Vanguard of Healthcare
  • T. Thomas Fortune: From Slavery in Florida to Fame in New York
  • Mary McLeod Bethune and the School for Girls
  • A. Philip Randolph: Organizing Florida’s Railroad Porters
  • Casualties of Racial Prejudice: Harry T. and Harriette V. Moore
  • Dr. William Allen: Breaking Barriers in Radiology
  • Virgil Hawkins: Desegregating Florida’s Law School

Art and Literature

  • Jacques le Moyne: First Views of First Peoples
  • John James Audubon in Florida: Unveiling Florida’s Birds
  • Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe—Florida’s Early Tourism Advocate
  • Winslow Homer: Creating Images of Florida
  • Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings: A Leader in Literature
  • “Lift Every Voice and Sing”: The Achievements of James Weldon Johnson
  • Zora Neale Hurston: Breaking Barriers as a Chronicler
  • Ernest Hemingway: Legendary Literature, Legendary Lifestyle
  • River of Grass: Breaking a Barrier to Everglades Conservation
  • Jim Morrison: Iconic Frontman for Rock and Roll
  • Stetson Kennedy: Unmasking the Klan

Native American History

  •  Alexander McGillivray: Statesman for the Creek Indians
  •  William Augustus Bowles and the State of Muskogee
  •  Panton, Leslie, & Company and Trade with Native Americans
  •  Claims Against Native Lands: Holatta-Micco (Billy Bowlegs) and Governor Thomas Brown
  •  Andrew Jackson’s Campaign Against Florida’s Seminoles
  •  The Longest War: The US Government versus the Seminole Indians
  •  Osceola, Micanopy, and the Seminoles: Fighting for Survival in the Second Seminole War
  •  Polly Parker’s Escape from the Trail of Tears
  •  Ivy Stranahan and the Reemergence of Seminole Culture in Florida
  •  Seminole Voting Rights: Joining Florida’s Citizenry
  •  Harriet Bedell and Seminole Tourist Villages: Lowering Barriers for Survival
  •  Betty Mae Jumper: A Life of Service to the Seminole People

Politics and Social Issues

  •  Denys Rolle and His Utopian Dream in Florida
  •  Jose Martí: Fighting for Cuban Independence
  •  Cyrus Teed and the Idea of Koreshan Unity
  •  Vietnamese Refugees and Their Settlement in Northwest Florida
  •  The Gideon Lawsuit: A Florida Case Reforms the National Justice System
  •  Simmering Tempers: The Florida Teachers’ Strike of 1968
  •  Anita Bryant and the Struggle For and Against Gay Rights
  •  Governor Lawton Chiles Takes on Big Tobacco
  •  Commercial Fishing Net Ban: Economics, Ecology, and Responsibility
  •  Governor Reubin Askew and Dawn of Government in the Sunshine
  •  Equal Rights Amendment: Florida’s Role in a National Reform Movement
  •  The Johns Committee: Fighting Communism or Hunting for Witches?

Science and Technology

  •  John Gorrie: The Father of Air Conditioning, Ice, and Refrigeration
  •  Flagler’s Folly: Building the Overseas Railroad
  •  Thomas A. Edison and His Florida Laboratory
  •  Henry Webb’s Palmetto Plow: Clearing the Way for Florida’s Growth
  •  Captain Tony Jannus and a New Phase of Transportation in Florida
  •  Breaking Barriers in Tampa: How the Cigar Industry Changed the Face of a City
  •  Frozen Sunshine: Concentrated Orange Juice and Its Impact on Florida’s Citrus Industry
  •  Destination Outer Space: Florida’s Role in the Space Race

Women’s History

  •  Anna Madgigine Jai Kingsley: Florida’s Innovative Matriarch
  • Chloe Merrick Reed: Breaking Barriers in Public Education
  •  Eartha M. M. White—Philanthropist, Businesswoman, and Humanitarian
  •  Sister Mary Thomasine Wins the Right to Teach Black Students
  •  May Mann Jennings: In the Vanguard of Civic Issues
  •  Jackie Cochran and Breaking Aviation’s Barriers
  •  Marjory Stoneman Douglas and the Fight to Save the Everglades
  •  Patricia Stephens Due: An Icon of Florida’s Civil Rights Movement
  •  Gwen Cherry: A Pioneering Legislator
  •  Marjorie Harris Carr: Defending Florida’s Environment
  •  Breaking the Political Gender Barrier: Florida’s Senator Paula Hawkins
  •  Betty Skelton and the Checkered Flag: Speed Records of a Florida NASCAR Driver
  •  Roxcy Bolton, Pioneer Feminist