Interpreting the Theme

Before choosing a topic, you should read NHD's Theme Narrative (PDF File PDF 100 KB) about ways to define and interpret taking a stand. NHD points out that "To take a stand, one must take a firm position on an issue" and that "there is a difference between opposition and truly taking a stand." Individuals, grassroots movements, or complex entities can be sources of action that oppose the status quo and that "use force, words, and economic power to make their voices heard."1 Moreover, examples of significant and powerful stands in history can be found at local, state, national, and global levels during all periods of history.

NHD uses a theme-based approach because it helps you, the researcher, to move beyond the outdated notion that history is a set of facts and dates. Rather, it provides a lens through which you explore historical content for context, connections, and consequences.

Historical Importance

To determine the historical importance of your topic, ask questions about time and place, cause and effect, change over time, and impact and significance. It is not enough simply to describe an event or idea; you also must explain why it was important. Without understanding the historical context, it is impossible to analyze the significance of an event. Here are two important concepts to keep in mind as you develop a topic.

Historical context: the social, political, economic, or cultural environment and/or circumstances that allowed the situation or idea to arise and occur. In other words, why did it happen?
Historical perspective: the development and long-term impact or significance of a person, action, event, or idea. In other words, how did it happen and so what?

How Old is Old?

You might be inclined to select an individual or event that was momentous in your lifetime—for example, Apple's refusal to decrypt an iPhone or the Black Lives Matter movement. However, the long-term impact of such recent situations is not yet fully known. The general rule of thumb is this: don't choose a topic less than twenty-five years [old] or until one generation has passed. Time gives historical perspective.

Be Creative!

When selecting your topic, your first choice might be a very famous person or event that obviously relates to the taking a stand in history. But remember: judges appreciate when you have been creative in choosing and investigating lesser-known events and people of the past. Examples of "over-used" topics include The Beatles, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, WWII Internment Camps, and Jackie Robinson.


1National History Day. Taking a Stand in History, 2017 Curriculum Theme Book. College Park: National History Day, 2017, p. 5.